Articles tagged as Lemon Test

  • “And All the Students Said, ‘Amen’” — Keisha Russell

    by James Wilson Institute on December 17, 2021
    Keisha Toni Russell, Counsel at First Liberty Institute, argues that young Americans learn to respect religious liberty–and individual rights more generally–when religion flourishes in public. Some excerpts: “In the early 1960s, the Supreme Court reviewed two cases involving voluntary school prayer and Bible reading. The cases, Engel v. Vitale (1962) and Abington Township School District v. Schempp (1963), contained […]
  • “Lemon v. Kurtzman at 50” – Francis Beckwith in Law and Liberty

    by James Wilson Institute on June 1, 2021
    In an article at Law and Liberty, JWI Scholar Francis Beckwith traces the history and eventual demise of the Lemon Test created by Chief Justice Burger in Lemon v. Kurtzman on its 50th anniversary. The Court has inconsistently applied the Lemon Test for years, amending or ignoring its different prongs as it wishes. Lacking any […]